Evaluation of pharmacy teams in GP Practices

Evaluation of pharmacy teams in GP Practices
As part of the Scottish Government initiative, 'Prescription for Excellence' £16 million has been allocated to employing pharmacists within GP practices. Robert Gordon University and the University of Strathclyde are undertaking an independent evaluation.
Three strands to this project funded by the Scottish Government
Funding Body
Award Value
Start Date
End Date
Duration
Funding Body
Scottish Government
Award Value
£100,000
Start Date
1 July 2017
End Date
30 June 2018
Duration
1 year

Work Package 1 is a cross-sectional survey of the entire population of pharmacy team members within GP practices in Scotland. The online questionnaire will collect data on specific objectives and deliverables described earlier (demographics of the GP practice and pharmacy team, knowledge and skills, activities undertaken etc.) To provide further description and interpretation of pharmacy team educational development, and GP practice and pharmacy team integration and working practices two theoretical frameworks (Kirkpatrick's Four-Level Training Evaluation Model and Normalization Process Theory (NPT)) will inform questionnaire development. A qualitative activity based workshop will aim to provide further depth to the questionnaire items, retaining focus on the two theoretical models. This will include pharmacy team members attending Cohort 4 of the NHS Education for Scotland (NES) ‘boot camps’ hence provide data on those with no or little experience in the GP practice setting. Between the two attended ‘boot camp’ sessions, participants will be asked to record any key experiences etc. which they perceive to have contributed significantly (in a positive or negative way) to their development.  

Work Package 2 involves the identification and analysis of routinely collected quantitative data on setting, service activity and service outcomes which are available via routinely collected data, both nationally and locally (for selected NHS Boards).

Data sources will comprise the national datasets held within NHS National Services Scotland (ISD) and also local available electronic datasets being generated as part of local activity within NHS Boards.  These data will enable generation of a national map with composition of GP practices in which Pharmacy teams are embedded (setting). Local service activity data (coupled with data derived from WP1) may permit quantification of service activity and then allow this to be examined in the context of service outcome data (national prescribing and/or hospital activity) where this is occurring across practices and/or NHS Boards at scale.

Work Package 3 - A case study design to collect and generate data relating to individual pharmacy team members and their patient facing activities. The unit of analysis is each single case, that is, each pharmacy team within one GP practice. Key elements of data collection are form GP practice staff (interviews) and patients (survey and interviews).