Profile

Arthur Stewart profile pic
Title: Dr
First Name: Arthur
Surname: Stewart
Position: Reader; Knowledge Exchange Co-ordinator for the Institute of Health and Wellbeing Research
Telephone: +44 (0)1224 262551
Email:

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Roles and responsibilities

  • Knowledge Exchange Co-ordinator for the Institute of Health and Wellbeing Research
  • Reader, Established member at the Institute for Health and Wellbeing Research
  • Vice President and criterion anthropometrist of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry
  • Editor of the Journal of Sports Sciences Kinanthropometry and Body Composition section (2006-12)
  • International Olympic Committee Medical Commission ad hoc working group on body composition member


Key research interests

Dr Stewart's research interests have centred on body composition and physique assessment using anthropometry, 3D scanning and other methods, together with their relationships with sports performance and health. More recently he has been involved with using 3D body scanning to assess human physique, and has worked with specific occupational groups, healthy adults, athletes, obese and eating disorders patients. Specific interest topics include:

  • 3D scanning and digital anthropometry
  • Human Body Composition
  • Anthropometry and physique assessment
  • Exercise, Health and sports performance
  • Body Image assessment


Current research

Dr Stewart is also currently researching the effective design and implementation of a project which evaluates the size of offshore workers and their space requirements, using the latest portable 3D scanning technology. The research is co sponsored by Oil & Gas UK and will inform aspects of offshore ergonomics in a range of applications ranging from emergency helicopter evacuation and survival suit design to space availability in corridors and confined space work environments.

Currently, Dr Stewart is investigating the use of 3D body scanning in treatment of eating disorders as part of a collaboration between Robert Gordon University, the University of Aberdeen and the NHS Grampian Eating Disorder Service (NGEDS). His current study investigates the willingness of patients to be scanned and compares 2D imaging (measuring area from the frontal view only as is standard in current practice) and the corresponding 2D assessment of perception and dissatisfaction of patient body image, against 3D scanning.


Projects and funding

Dr Stewart has active research collaborations with Robert Gordon University (RGU) and Aberdeen University and the Universities of Wolverhampton, South Australia, Perth Australia, Arizona (State), San Diego (state), Auckland University of Technology (NZ), and North West University (South Africa).

Key funded projects include:

  • 2014. Principal Investigator for supplementary Income from Oil & Gas UK for data processing for Offshore Size and Shape Study £7533
  • 2013  Co-Investigator for IOC Multi-centre trial for Ultrasound assessment of fatness in athletes £21273
  • 2013 Co-Investigator for Renewable UK Systematic Review of Musculo-skeletal and other risks for Onshore Wind farm technicians  £9466
  • 2012. Principal Investigator for KTP of Offshore Workforce size (in partnership with Oil & Gas UK)  £137,831. 
  • 2012 Named Researcher on AHRC Second skin project  (PI Prof Julian Malins). £27,000.
  • 2012. Principal Investigator on an NHS Endowments grant to cover follow up for Eating Disorder study, £1,892.
  • 2009. Evaluation of a Novel 3D Laser Scanning method as an adjunctive psychological method for the treatment of eating disorders. Chief Scientist Office. £46,206.
  • 2006. An investigation into the motion patterns and biomechanics of the deadlift and selected variations, and their effectiveness in the development of power. Faculty Research Development Initiative, August 2006. £49,641.
  • Consultancy (ongoing) to major Oil & Gas sector companies for lifestyle enhancement talks and services.


Academic background 

After his BSc (Hons) science degree from Edinburgh University, Dr Stewart studied Physical Education in Calgary, Canada, graduating in 1982. He returned to Edinburgh University as a lecturer in Physical Education in 1984 to study part-time for his M.Phil in Human Physiology and PhD in Medical Physics, both of which involved quantifying Body Composition in athletes using different approaches.    

In 1999, he moved to Aberdeen University to lecture in sports science and sports nutrition, moving to The Robert Gordon University in 2005 as a senior lecturer in Health Sciences, leading the undergraduate Sports and Exercise Science programme. In 2009, he assumed the Deputy Director of the Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, and in 2013, started as the Knowledge Exchange Officer for RGU’s Institute of Health and Wellbeing Research.  He has over 80 publications including 5 books and over 40 peer-reviewed journal articles.


Teaching

Dr Stewart also teaches professional ISAK-accredited Anthropometry courses to sport and exercise professionals, sport scientists, physiotherapists, nutritionists and dietitians. 


Key publications

  1. Nana, A., Slater, G.J., Stewart, A.D. & Burke, L.M. Methodology review: Using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of body composition in athletes and active people. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. (Accepted)
  2. Cooper, K., Kirkpatrick, P. &  Stewart, A.  Health Effects Associated with Working in the Wind Power Generation Industry: A Systematic Review Protocol.  Joanna Briggs Institute database of systematic reviews and implementation reports, 12  (4).
  3. Stewart, A.D., Crockett, P., Nevill, A.M. & Benson, P.J.  (2014). Somatotype: A more sophisticated approach to body image work with eating disorder sufferers.  Advances in Eating Disorders: Theory, Research and Practice, 2 (2), 125-135.  doi:10.1080/21662630.2013.874665
  4. Swinton, P.A. Lloyd, R. Keogh, W.J.H. Agouris, I. Stewart, A.D.  (2014). Regression models of sprint, vertical jump and change of direction performance. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research.  28(7), 1839-1848.  doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000348
  5. Stewart, A.D., Rolland, C., Gryka, A, Findlay, S., Smith, S., Jones, J., & Davidson, H.I.M., (2013). Morphological and health-related changes associated with a 12-week self-guided exercise programme of overweight adults: a pilot study Journal of Sports Sciences 32(2), 164-171. doi:doi:10.1080/02640414.2013.812791 2013.
  6. Ledingham, R., Nevill, A.M & Stewart, A.D. Reproducibility of body volume assessments in survival clothing in fixed and portable scanning systems.  Proceedings of the 4th 3D body Scanning Conference, Long Beach California, November 2013. pp.  355-359.
  7. Ledingham, R. & Stewart, A.D. Volumetric and space requirements of the offshore workforce: The effects of donning a survival suit. Proceedings of the 4th 3D body Scanning Conference, Long Beach California, November 2013. pp. 317 – 322.
  8. Müller, W., Horn, M., Furhapter-Rieger,A.,  Kainz,P.,  Kropfl, J.M., Ackland, T.R,. Lohman,T.G., Maughan, R.J.,Meyer, N.L., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Stewart, A.D .&  Ahammer, H. (2013). Subcutaneous adipose tissue measurement II: Inter-observer reliability of ultrasound SAT measurement.  British Journal of Sports Medicine 47, 11036-1043.
  9. Sundgot-Borgen, J., Meyer, N.L.,   Lohman, T., Ackland, T.R., Maughan, R.J., Stewart, A.D. &, W Müller, W. (2013). How to minimize risks for athletes in weight-sensitive sports. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47,16 1012-1022.
  10. Meyer N.L., Sundgot-Borgen, J.,   Lohman, T., Ackland, T.R., Stewart, A.D., Maughan, R.J., Smith, S. & Müller W. (2013). Body Composition for Health and Performance: A Survey of Body Composition Assessment Practice Carried Out by the Ad Hoc Research Working Group on Body Composition Health and Performance, under the auspices of the IOC Medical Commission. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47,16 1044-1053.
  11. Lennie, S., Amofa-Diatuo,T. , Nevill, A.M. & Stewart, A.D. (2013). Protocol variations in arm position influence the magnitude of waist girth. Journal of Sports Sciences 31 (12), 1353-1358.
  12. Olds, T., Daniell, N., Petkov, J. & Stewart, A.D. (2013). Somatotyping using 3D anthropometry: a cluster analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences 31 (9), 936-944. 
  13. Burton, R., Nevill, A.M., Stewart, A.D., Daniells, N. & Olds, T. (2013). Statistical approaches to relationships between sitting height and leg length in adults. Annals of Human Biology, 40, 64-69.
  14. Swinton, P.A. Lloyd, R. Keogh, W.J.H. Agouris, I. Stewart, A.D. (2012) A biomechanical comparison of the traditional squat, powerlifting squat and box squat. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(7):1805-1816.
  15. Swinton, P.A. Stewart, A.D. Lloyd, R. Agouris, I. Keogh, W.J.H (2012) Effect of load positioning on the kinematics and kinetics of weighted vertical jumps. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(4):906-913.
  16. Stewart, A.D. & Sutton, L. (2012) (Editors).  Body Composition in Sport, Exercise and Health.  Abingdon, UK: Routledge. 220 pp.
  17. Marfell-Jones, M. & Stewart, A. (2012). ISAK Accreditation Handbook.  International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, Upper Hutt, New Zealand.  44pp.  e-Book
  18. Stewart, A., Marfell-Jones, M., Olds, T. & de Ridder, H. (2011). International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment.  International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, Lower Hutt, New Zealand. 125pp
  19. Burton, R., Nevill, A.M., Stewart, A.D., Daniells, N. & Olds, T. (2012).  A negative relationship between leg length on leg cross-sectional areas in adults. American Journal of Human Biology  e version ahead of print doi:10.1002/ajhb.22258.
  20. Stewart, A.D., Klein, S., Young, J., Simpson, S., Lee, A.J., Harrild, K., Philip Crockett, P. & Benson, P.J. 2012. Body image, shape, and volumetric assessments using 3D whole body laser scanning and 2D digital photography in females with a diagnosed eating disorder: Preliminary novel findings. British Journal of Psychology 103,  183-202.   doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02063.x
  21. Ackland, T.R., Lohman, T.G., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Maughan, R.J., Meyer, N.L. Stewart, A.D. & Muller, W. (2012). Current status of body composition assessment in sport.  Sports Medicine  42 - 227-249.
  22. Swinton, P. A., Stewart, A.D., Keogh, J.W.L., Agouris, I. & Lloyd, R. (2011).  Kinematic and Kinetic analysis of maximal velocity deadlifts performed with and without the inclusion of chain resistance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (11), 3163-3174. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318212e389.
  23. Stewart, A.D., Benson, P.J., Olds, T., Marfell-Jones, M., MacSween, A. and Nevill, A.M. (2011)   Self selection of athletes into sports via skeletal ratios.  Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 5 (2), 153-167. (Co published in this journal by Nova Science, after book chapters published in 2010).
  24. Swinton, P. A., Stewart, A.D., Agouris, I., Keogh, J.W.L., Lloyd, R. (2011).  A biomechanical analysis of straight and hexagonal barbell deadlifts using submaximal loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (7), 2000-2009. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e73f87
  25. Stewart, A.D. Nevill, A.M.  Stephen R. and Young, J. (2010) Waist size and shape assessed by 3D photonic scanning, .  International Journal of Body Composition Research, 8(4) 123-130.
  26. Nevill, A.M., Stewart, A.D. and Olds, T. (2010). A simple explanation for the inverse association between height and weight in men (letter). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 92(6), 1535.  doi:10.3945/ajcn.110.002584.
  27. Nevill, A.M., Winter, E.M.,   Ingham, S.A., Watts, A.S.,  Metsios, G. and Stewart, A.D. (2010) Adjusting athletes’ Body Mass Index to better reflect adiposity in epidemiological research.  Journal of Sports Sciences, 28, 1009-1024.
  28. Stewart, A.D.  (2010) Kinanthropometry and Body Composition: a natural home for 3D photonic scanning. Journal of Sports Sciences 28, 455-457.
  29. Swinton, P.A. Lloyd, R. Agouris, I. Stewart, A. 2008 Contemporary Training Practices in Elite British Powerlifters: Survey Results from an International Competition. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 23, 380-384.
  30. Mavroeidi. A., Stewart, A.D., Reid D.M. and MacDonald, H.M. 2008 Physical activity and dietary calcium interactions on bone mass in Scottish postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis International, 20, 409-416
  31. G Carin-Levy, CA Greig, SJ Lewis, A Stewart, A Young, GE Mead 2008 The effect of different positions on anthropometric measurements and derived estimates of body composition . International Journal of Body Composition Research, 6, 17-20.
  32. Johnstone, A.M., Stewart, A.D., Benson, P.J., Kalafati, M., Rectenwald, L. and Horgan, G. 2008. Assessment of body image in obesity: development of a novel morphing technique. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 21, 256-267.
  33. Nevill,A.M., Stewart, A.D., Olds, T and Holder, R. 2006. Modelling the relationship between adiposity and body size reveals the limitation of BMI. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 129, no 1: 151-156.
  34. Nevill,A.M., Stewart, A.D., Olds, T and Holder, R. 2004. Are adult physiques geometrically similar?: the dangers of allometric scaling using body mass power laws. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 124, 177-182.
  35. Stewart A.D. , Benson, P.J., Michanikou, E.G., Tsiota D. G. and Narli, M.K. 2003. Body image perception, satisfaction and somatotype in male and female athletes and non-athletes: results using a novel morphing technique. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 815-823.                  
  36. Nevill, A.M., Brown, D., Godfrey, R., Johnson, P.J., Romer, L., Stewart, A.D. and Winter, E.M. 2003. Modeling Maximum Oxygen Uptake of Elite Endurance Athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 488-494.
  37. A.M. Nevill, R.L. Holder and A.D. Stewart 2003. Modeling elite athletes' peripheral bone mass, assessed using regional dual x-ray absorptiometry. Bone 32, 62-68.
  38. Stewart, A.D. Stewart, A. and Reid, D. 2002. Correcting calf circumference discriminates the incidence of falling but not bone quality by broadband ultrasound attenuation in elderly female subjects. Bone, 31, 195-198.