|Position:||Lecturer in Analytical and Forensic Science|
|Telephone:||+44 (0)1224 262806|
Key Duties and Responsibilities
Dr Craig Mckenzie is an analytical scientist whose research interests have focused upon the development of fully validated analytical methodologies for the detection of a wide range of environmental contaminants, illicit drugs and their metabolites, and pharmaceutical products in complex environmental and forensic matrices. His current research focuses on the development and validation of methods for the analysis of emerging environmental contaminants including pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting compounds (including antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroid hormones and non-steroidal EDCs) in river water, wastewater, agricultural soils and sewage sludge. He also is involved in the development of rapid analytical methods for taint compounds (compounds which affect taste and odour of water and fish) in a variety of environmental matrices. He is a member of the IDEAS Research Institute and is currently conducting research in partnership with, amongst others, the James Hutton Institute (Aberdeen), Marine Scotland Science (Aberdeen) and IUT Castres (France) and the newly created SCOPE group (Glasgow Caledonian University, University of Strathclyde, University of Highlands and Islands, James Hutton Institute)
Dr McKenzie is:
- A member of the Institute for Innovation, Design and Sustainability (IDEAS), Robert Gordon University.
- A member of the Scottish Consortium on Pharmaceuticals in the Environment (SCOPE), http://www-scope-research.org.uk
The preparation and delivery of teaching materials (lecture and laboratory based) for analytical chemistry and forensic science subjects at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels based on established teaching material and research activities.
- Year 2 Tutor, BSc (Hons) Forensic and Analytical Science.
- Module Co-ordinator: AS2063 Forensic Analysis and Examination; AS2040 Analytical Science 1; AS3080 Forensic Practice, AS4073 Interpretation, Evaluation and Presentation of Evidence.
- Module Team: AS1006 Crime Scene and Forensic Techniques; AS3054 Environmental Toxicology and Analysis; AS3065 Fires, Explosions and Firearms; AS3066 Forensic Toxicology and Substances of Abuse; AS3067 Trace Evidence; AS4049 Honours Project.
- PhD, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen and Fisheries Research Services, Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen. 1999. 'Concentrations and Patterns of Environmental Contaminants in Marine Mammals and their Diet’.
- BSc Honours, Applied Chemistry, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen 1992.
Dr McKenzie was awarded his doctorate in 1999 for research regarding the environmental behaviour, bioaccumulation and metabolism of a wide range of environmental contaminants, mainly chlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides and metals in a variety of Scottish marine and estuarine environmental compartments. The work, based at the Fisheries Research Services Marine Laboratory in Aberdeen (now Marine Scotland Science), focussed on the mechanisms of bioaccumulation and metabolism of such contaminants in fish and marine mammal species commonly found around the coasts of Northern Europe. In 1998 he joined East of Scotland Water, now Scottish Water, and was involved in the set up of an accredited contaminated land laboratory. A team leader with responsibility for the analysis of a wide range of organic contaminants in raw, waste and drinking waters he was also involved in the analysis of waters and biota for environmental monitoring purposes using both instrumental and in-vitro techniques.
He undertook post doctoral research on an Irish Environmental Protection Agency project developing the use of chemical, in vivo (rainbow and brown trout) and in vitro (genetically modified yeast estrogen screening) tests for the analysis of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the Irish aquatic environment.
In 2002 Dr. McKenzie joined Lothian and Borders Police Forensic Laboratory, now the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) carrying out crime scene investigation, forensic casework and research and development. He was in involved preparing and maintaining UKAS accreditation and had a responsibility for laboratory wide quality assurance, at one point taking the role as laboratory Quality Manager.
Professional Body Membership
- Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry (MRSC)
- Member of the Forensic Science Society (MFSSoc)
- E. S. Emelogu, S. Heger, P. Pollard, C. D. Robinson, L. Webster, C. McKenzie, T. B. Seiler, H. Hollert, E. Bresnan, F. Napier, C. F. Moffat. (In press). Evaluations of combined embryo and algal toxicity of dissolved organic contaminants in the Ythan catchment using zebrafish (Danio rerio) and marine phytoplankton (Diacronema lutheri). Environmental Science and Pollution Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2488-x
- Z. Zhang, C. Leith, S. M. Rhind, C Kerr, C. Kyle, M. Coull, C. Thomson, G. Green, , L. Maderova, C. McKenzie. (2014). Long term temporal and spatial changes in the distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in Scottish soils. Science of the Total Environment, 468–469, 158-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.029
- C.J. Pestana, P.J. K. Robertson, C. Edwards, W. Wilhelm, C. McKenzie, L.A. Lawton. (2014). A continuous flow packed bed photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin utilising pelletised TiO2, Chemical Engineering Journal. 235, 293-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.09.041
- S.M. Rhind, C.E. Kyle, C. Kerr, M. Osprey, Z.L. Zhang, E.I. Duff, A. Lilly, A. Nolan, G. Hudson, W. Towers, J. Bell, M. Coull and C. McKenzie. (2013). Geographic variation in soil concentrations of selected endocrine disrupting compounds and factors affecting profiles. Environmental Pollution, 182, 15-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.041
- S.M.Rhind, C.E.Kyle, H.Ruffie, E.Calmettes, M.Osprey, Z.L.Zhang and C.McKenzie. (2013). Short- and long-term temporal changes in soil concentrations of selected endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) following single or multiple applications of sewage sludge to of pastures. Environmental Pollution, 181, 262-270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.011
- E.S. Emelogu, P. Pollard, P. Dymond, C. D. Robinson, L. Webster, C. McKenzie, J. Dobson, E. Bresnan, C. F. Moffat. (2013). Occurrence and potential combined toxicity of dissolved organic contaminants in the Forth estuary and Firth of Forth, Scotland assessed using passive samplers and an algal toxicity test. Science of The Total Environment, 461–462, 230-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.011
- E. S. Emelogu, P. Pollard, C.D. Robinson, L. Webster, C. McKenzie, F. Napier, L. Steven, C. F. Moffat. (2013) Identification of selected organic contaminants in streams associated with agricultural activities and comparison between autosampling and silicone rubber passive sampling. Science of the Total Environment, 445–446, 261-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.053
- E. S. Emelogu, P. Pollard, C. D. Robinson, F. Smedes, L. Webster, I. W. Oliver, C. McKenzie, T.B. Seiler, H. Hollert, C. F. Moffat. (2013) Investigating the significance of dissolved organic contaminants in aquatic environments: Coupling passive sampling with in vitro bioassays. Chemosphere, 90, 2, 210-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.041
- Tarrant, H., Llewellyn, N., Lyons, A., Tattersall, N., Wylde, S., Mouzakitis, G., Maloney, M. and McKenzie, C. (2005). Endocrine disruptors in the Irish aquatic environment. Final Report to the Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland. Available online at: http://www.epa.ie/downloads/pubs/research/water/epa_endocrine%20disruptors_ertdi32_final.pdf
- McKenzie, C., Godley, B.J., Furness, R.W. and Wells, D.E. (1999). Concentrations and patterns of organochlorine contaminants in marine turtles from Mediterranean and Atlantic waters. Marine Environmental Research, 47, 2, 117-135.
- Boon, J.P., van der Meer, J., Allchin, C.R., Law, R.J., Klungsoyr, J., Leonards, P.E.G., Spliid, H., Storr-Hansen, E., McKenzie, C. and Wells, D.E. (1997). Concentration dependent changes of PCB patterns in fish eating mammals: structural evidence for induction of cytochrome P450. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 33, 298-311.
- McKenzie, C., Rogan, E., Reid, R.J. and Wells, D.E. (1997). Concentrations and patterns of organic contaminants in Atlantic White Sided Dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) from Irish and Scottish Waters. Environmental Pollution, 98, 1, 15-27.
- Wells, D.E., Echarri, I. and McKenzie, C. (1995). Separation of planar organic contaminants by pyrenyl silica high performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A, 718, 107-118.
- Megginson, C., McKenzie, C. and Wells, D.E. (1994). Practical steps to improve the quality control of the chromatography for chlorobiphenyl and organochlorine pesticide analysis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 29, 228-234
- Emelogu, E.S., Robinson, C.D., Pollard, P., Webster, L., Napier, F., McKenzie, C, and Moffat, C.F. (2011). Field application of silicone rubber samplers in monitoring aqueous freely-dissolved concentrations of organic contaminants in the Ythan Catchment of Scotland. Presented at 4th International Passive Sampling Workshop and Symposium, Krakow, Poland. Available online at:http://ipsw.eu/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/65.pdf
- Z. Zhang, C. Leith, S. M. Rhind, C Kerr, C. Kyle, M. Coull, C. Thomson, G. Green, C. McKenzie, L. Maderova. 2012. Temporal trends and levels of polybrominated diethers and polychlorinated biphenyls in Scottish soils. 2012 Sino-European Symposium on Environment and Health (SESEH 2012) held at NUI Galway, Ireland, 20-25 August 2012.
- Emelogu, E.S., Pollard, P., Robinson, C.D., Webster, L., McKenzie, C., Napier, F., Stevens, L. and Moffat, C.F. Identification of selected organic contaminants in streams associated with agricultural activities and comparison between autosampling and silicone rubber passive sampling. 5th International Passive Sampling Workshop and Symposium (IPSW 2012), held in Columbia, Missouri, United States. September 11-12th 2012.
- Gatland, N. and McKenzie, C. Differentiation of Petrol Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Statistical Pattern Recognition Techniques. 8th National FORREST Conference 2012 FORensic RESearch and Teaching) Abertay University, Dundee 26th - 27th June 2012 .C. McKenzie attended.