Profile

Graeme Baxter
Title: Dr
First Name: Graeme
Surname: Baxter
Position: Research Assistant
Telephone: +44 (0)1224 263889
Email:
ORCID: ORCID Icon http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8454-0693

Duties and Responsibilities

Dr Graeme Baxter is a Research Assistant specialising in Information Management.

Research Interests

Graeme's research interests include:

  • the provision of, need for, and use of government, parliamentary and citizenship information;
  • the provision and exchange of information during public consultations;
  • the use of the Internet by political parties and candidates during parliamentary election campaigns;
  • freedom of information legislation;
  • the social, educational and economic impact of museums, archives and libraries;
  • the social and economic impact of the creative industries;
  • barriers to equality and inclusion in the creative industries;
  • the provision of business start-up information and advice to the screen industries; and
  • the role of small town main streets in sustaining cultural identity.

Graeme is also working part-time on a doctoral research study entitled "The Communication and Exchange of Information between State and Stakeholders".

Funding

Smart peripheral and remote airports 2020. Funded by the European Regional Development Fund. Work package 7.1: social and cultural importance of remote airports, June 2015-September 2016.

New radicals? Digital political engagement in post-referendum Scotland. Funded by the Communities and Culture Network+, January-July 2015.

Leading change: key leadership skills for accountants. Funded by the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. January-April 2013.

INTERARENA – Interest Groups Across Political Arenas. Funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research. UK media coding element, January-April and October-December 2012; postal survey administration, June-December 2013.

The economic and social value of creative and performing arts research in the UK. An essay commissioned by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, March-April 2008.

The mobilisation of interests in policy making: access, activity and bias in the 'group system'. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, October 2006-September 2008.

Screen Futures business support study. Funded by Screen Academy Scotland, July 2006-December 2006.

Women in creative industries. Funded by the European Social Fund, January 2005-March 2006.

Women in media and communication. Funded by the European Social Fund, January 2004-December 2004.

Parliamentary Documentation Centre customer knowledge study. Funded by the European Parliament, January 2004-May 2004. 

Publications

Commissioned Research Reports

McLaverty, P., Baxter, G., MacLeod, I., Tait, E., Göker, A. and Heron, M. (2015). New radicals: digital political engagement in post-referendum Scotland. A report for the Communities and Culture Network+.

Halpin, D. and Baxter, G. (2009) The mobilisation of organised interests in policy making: access, activity and bias in the "group system". A report for the Economic and Social Research Council.

Marcella, R., MacDonald, S. and Baxter, G. (2008) Measure for measure: the economic and social value of creative and performing arts research in the UK. An essay commissioned by the Arts and Humanities Research Council.

Marcella R. and Baxter, G. (2007) Screen Futures business support study. A report for Screen Academy Scotland.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Illingworth, L. (2006). Women in the creative industries. A research bulletin for the European Social Fund.

Marcella, R. Illingworth, L., Baxter, G. and Smith, F. (2005) Women in media and communication. A research bulletin for the European Social Fund.

Marcella, R., Webster, L. and Baxter, G. (2004) Preparation and testing of the public interest questionnaire required under the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002. A report for JISC infoNet.

Johnson, I.M., Reid, P.H. and Newton, R., with Baxter, G. and Killen, C. (2004) Guidelines for e-reference library services for distance learners and other remote users. A report for UNESCO.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Davies, S. (2004) Parliamentary Documentation Centre customer knowledge study. A report for the European Parliament.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2003) A corporate records management strategy for The Robert Gordon University. A report for The Robert Gordon University.

Williams, D., Baxter, G., Wavell, C. and MacLennan, A. (2003) Impact evaluation pilot Web portal. A report for Resource: The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries.

Wavell, C., Baxter, G., Johnson, I. and Williams, D. (2002) Impact evaluation of museums, archives and libraries: available evidence project. A report for Resource: The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2002) The impact of new technologies on the communication of parliamentary information: a pilot study. A report for the Economic and Social Research Council.

Chapters in Research Monographs

Pedersen, S., Baxter, G., Burnett, S., MacLeod, I., Göker, A., Heron, M., Isaacs, J., Elyan, E. and Kaliciak, L. (2015). Twitter response to televised political debates in Election 2015. In: Jackson, D. and Thorsen, E.. eds. UK election analysis 2015: media, voters and the campaign. Early reflections from leading UK academics. Poole: Bournemouth University, p.73.

Halpin, D., Baxter, G. and MacLeod, I. (2011). Multiple arenas, multiple populations: counting organized interests in Scottish public policy. In: Halpin, D. and Jordan, G., eds. The scale of interest organization in democratic politics: data and research methods. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.118-140.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2005) Information interchange theory. In: Fisher, K.E., Erdelez, S., and McKechnie, E.F., (eds). Theories of information behavior. Medford, NJ: Information Today, pp.204-209.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Parker, S. (1999) European Union information in public libraries in the United Kingdom. In: Bohme, S. and Spiller, D., (eds). Perspectives of public library use 2. Loughborough: Library & Information Statistics Unit, pp.225-230. [British Library Research and Innovation Report no. 166]

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (1999) Citizenship information: a national survey of the citizenship information needs of the general public. In: Bohme, S. and Spiller, D., (eds). Perspectives of public library use 2. Loughborough: Library & Information Statistics Unit, pp.231-236. [British Library Research and Innovation Report no. 166]

Articles in Peer-Reviewed and Other Professional Journals

Baxter, G., Cooper, K, Gray, D., Reid, P. Vergunst, J. and Williams, D. (2015). The use of photo elicitation to explore the role of the main street in Kirkwall in sustaining cultural identity, community, and a sense of place. Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series, 8(1) (entire issue).

Pedersen, S, Baxter, G., Burnett, S., Göker, A., Corney, D, & Martin, C. (2014). Backchannel chat: peaks and troughs in a Twitter response to three televised debates during the Scottish Independence Referendum campaign 2014. Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series, 7(2) (entire issue).

Baxter, G. (2014). Rough justice? Exploring the relationship between information access and environmental and ecological justice pertaining to two controversial coastal developments in North-east Scotland. Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal, 6(2), pp.94-116

Baxter, G. and Marcella, R. (2013). Do online election campaigns sway the vote? A study of the 2011 Scottish Parliamentary election. Libri, 63(3), 190-205.

Baxter, G., Marcella, R., Chapman, D. and Fraser, A. (2013). Voters’ information behaviour when using political actors’ web sites during the 2011 Scottish Parliament election campaign. Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives, 65(5), pp. 515-533.

Baxter, G. and Marcella, R. (2012). Does Scotland ‘like’ this? Social media use by political parties and candidates in Scotland during the 2010 UK General Election campaign. Libri, 62(2), pp. 109-124.

Baxter, G., Marcella, R., and Varfis, E. (2011). The use of the Internet by political parties and candidates in Scotland during the 2010 UK General Election campaign.Aslib Proceedings, 63(5), 464-483.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G., Davies, S., and Toornstra, D. (2007) The information needs and information-seeking behaviour of the users of the European Parliamentary Documentation Centre: a customer knowledge study. Journal of Documentation, 63(6), pp.920-934.

Williams, D.A., Wavell, C., Baxter, G., MacLennan, A. and Jobson, D. (2005) Implementing impact evaluation in professional practice: a study of support needs within the museum, archive and library sector. International Journal of Information Management, 25, pp.533-548.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2003) Data collection using electronically assisted interviews in a roadshow - a methodological evaluation. Journal of Documentation, 59(2), pp.143-167.

Marcella, R. Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2003) The effectiveness of parliamentary information services in the United Kingdom. Government Information Quarterly, 20(1), pp.29-46.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2002) An exploration of the effectiveness for the citizen of Web-based systems of communicating UK parliamentary and devolved assembly information. Journal of Government Information, 29(6), pp.371-391.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2002) Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of information need in the context of the impact of new information and communications technologies on the communication of parliamentary information. Journal of Documentation, 58(2), pp.185-210.

Johnson, I., Reid, P. and Baxter, G. (2002) Andrew Carnegie - a model for PFI? Library Association Record, 104(3), pp.175-176.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2001) The demand for undergraduate course provision in information and library studies. Education for Information, 19(4), pp.277-297.

Campbell, F., Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Professional development and the recently qualified information and library studies professional: factors affecting success in attainment of the Library Association's Associate status. Education for Information, 18, pp.169-200.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) The impact of social class and status on citizenship information need: the results of two national surveys of the population of the United Kingdom. Journal of Information Science, 26(4), pp.239-254.

Orton, R., Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) An observational study of the information seeking behaviour of Members of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Aslib Proceedings, 52(6), pp.207-217.

Campbell, F., Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) The long and winding road: the results of a study investigating the LA's Associateship process, and the advantages of successful completion. Library Association Record, 102(4), pp.214-215.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Citizenship information needs in the UK: results of a national survey of the general public by personal doorstep interview. Aslib Proceedings, 52(3), pp.115-123.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Citizenship information service provision in the UK: a study of 27 case agencies. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 32(1), pp.9-25.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Information need, information seeking behaviour and participation, with special reference to needs related to citizenship: results of a national survey. Journal of Documentation, 56(2), pp.136-160.

Published Conference Papers

Pedersen, S., Baxter, G., Burnett, S., Göker, A., Corney, D. and Martin, C. Backchannel chat: peaks and troughs in a twitter response to three televised debates during the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum campaign. Paper presented at the Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government, Krems, Austria, 20-22 May 2015. Published in: Parycek, P. and Edelmann, N. CeDEM15: Proceedings of the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government. Krems: Edition Donau-Universität, 2015, pp.105-117.

Baxter, G. and Marcella, R. The 2014 Scottish independence referendum: a study of voters’ online information behaviour. Short paper presented at the tenth Information Seeking in Context conference, Leeds, 2-5 September 2014. Published in Information Research, 2014, 19(4), paper isicsp5.

Baxter, G. Local heroes or village idiots? Press portrayal of opponents of two controversial coastal developments in North East Scotland. Paper presented at the MeCCSA Annual Conference, Bournemouth, 8-10 January 2014. Published in Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series, 2015, 8(2) (entire issue).

Marcella, R., Rowlands, H. and Baxter, G. The critical incident technique as a tool for gathering data as part of a qualitative study of information seeking behaviour. In: Mesquita, A. and Ramos, I. Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, University of Minho, Guimaraes, Portugal, 4-5 July 2013. Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, pp. 247-253. Also published in: Mendy, J. and Geringer, S. D. (eds) Leading issues in business research methods, Volume 2. Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, pp.49-62.

Baxter, G. Open for business? An historical, comparative study of public access to information about two controversial coastal developments in North-east Scotland. Paper presented at the fourth Information: Interactions and Impact (i3) conference, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 25-28 June 2013. Published in Information Research, 2014, 19(1), paper 603.

Baxter, G. and Marcella, R. (2013). Bravehearts or tim’rous beasties? A decade of research into online election campaigns in Scotland. Paper presented at the Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government, Krems, Austria, 21-25 May 2013. Published in: Parycek, P. and Edelmann, N. (eds). CeDEM 13: Proceedings of the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government. Krems: Edition Donau-Universität, 2013, pp. 89-100. An updated and extended version of the paper  was also published in eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government, 2013, 5 (2), pp.107-127.

Baxter, G., Marcella, R., Chapman, D. and Fraser, A. (2012). Goin’ Holyrood? A study of voters’ online information behaviour when using parties’ and candidates’ websites during the 2011 Scottish Parliament election campaign. Paper presented at the second International Conference on Integrated Information, Budapest, 30 August to 3 September 2012. Short version of paper published in Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013, 73, pp.209-216. Full paper, Voters’ information behaviour when using political actors’ web sites during the 2011 Scottish Parliament election campaign, published in Aslib Proceedings, 2013, 65(5), pp.515-533.

Baxter, G. and Marcella, R. (2011). Does Scotland ‘like’ this? The use of social media by political parties and candidates in Scotland during the 2010 UK General Election campaign. Paper presented at the third Information: Interactions and Impact (i3) conference, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 20-23 June 2011. Published in Libri, 2012, 62(2), pp.109-124.

Baxter, G., Marcella, R., and Illingworth, L. (2010) Organisational information behaviour in the public consultation process in Scotland. Paper presented at the eighth Information Seeking in Context conference, Murcia, 28 September to 2 October. Published in Information Research, 2010, 15(4), paper 442. Available at http://informationr.net/ir/15-4/paper442.html

Baxter, G. (2009) The best-laid schemes: the provision and accessibility of government consultation information in the UK. Paper presented at the second Information: interactions and impact (i3) conference, The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 22-25 June. Published in Libri, 2010, 60(3), 253-267.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Cheah, S. (2007) The use of the Internet by political parties and candidates as part of their campaign for election to the Scottish Parliament in 2007. Paper presented at the conference, Information: interactions and impact (i3), The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 25-28 June. Published in Libri, 2008, 58(4), pp.294-305.

Marcella, R., Illingworth, L. and Baxter, G. (2007) The media and communication industries: flexible friends or foes? Paper presented at the 3rd Joint Annual Conference of MeCCSA and AMPE, Coventry, 10-12 January. Published in: Ross, K. and Price, S. (eds). Popular media and communication: essays on publics, practices and processes. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008, pp.102-129.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Smith, S. (2003) The use of the Internet by candidates as part of their campaign for election to the Scottish Parliament in 2003. Selected as the best paper presented in the Informatics, Voting and Political Parties session. Published in: Carrasquero, J.V., Welsch, F., Urrea, C., and Tso, C. (eds). Proceedings of the international conference on politics and information systems: technologies and applications, 31 July – 2 August 2003, Orlando. Orlando: International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, 2003, pp.246-251. Also published in the Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 2004, 2(2), available at http://www.iiisci.org/Journal/SCI/Contents.asp?var=&Previous=ISS3407

Johnson, I.M., Williams, D.A., Wavell, C. and Baxter, G. (2003) Impact evaluation, professional practice, and policy making. Published in: Ashcroft, L. (ed). Coping with continual change – change management in SLIS, Proceedings of the European Association for Library and Information Education and Research (EUCLID) and the Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Joint Conference, Potsdam, Germany, 31 July – 1 August 2003. Bradford: Emerald Group Publishing, 2005, pp.79-90. Also published in New Library World, 2004, 105(1196/1197), pp.33-46. (Winner of Emerald Literati Club Outstanding Paper Award, 2005)

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2003) The impact of new technology on the communication of parliamentary information. Paper presented at the 53rd Annual Conference of the Political Studies Association, Leicester, 15-17 April 2003. Published in the Journal of Nonprofit and Public Sector Marketing, 2005, 14(1/2), pp.185-203. Also published in: Wymer, W.W. and Lees-Marshment, J. (eds.). Current issues in political marketing. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press Inc., 2006.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Moore, N. (2003) The impact of information and communication technologies on the communication of parliamentary information in the United Kingdom. Paper presented at the European Communication Association Congress, Munich, 24-26 March. Published in: Schorr, A. and Seltmann, S., (eds). Changing media markets in Europe and abroad: new ways of handling information and entertainment content. New York/Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2006, pp.63-77.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2001) Information and library studies on a virtual campus. Published in: Ashcroft, L. (ed). Continuity, culture, competition - the future of library and information studies education? Proceedings of the 4th British-Nordic Conference on Library and Information Studies, 21-23 March 2001, Dublin, Ireland. Bradford: MCB University Press, 2002, pp.161-170. Also published in New Library World, 2001, 102(1169), pp.362-371.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Citizenship information research at the School of Information and Media. Paper presented at the Information for Scotland VII conference, held at Edinburgh University Library, 16 November. Published in Library Review, 2001, 50(2), pp.65-72.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) A random walk around Britain: a critical assessment of the random walk sample as a method of collecting data on the public's citizenship information needs. Paper presented at the third international conference on information needs, seeking and use in different contexts, 16-18 August, Gothenburg, Sweden. Published in The New Review of Information Behaviour Research, 2001, 2, pp.87-103.

Unpublished Conference and Seminar Papers

Baxter, G. Hooray for Holyrood? Twelve years of research into the use of the Internet by political actors in Scotland. Invited public seminar paper presented at Edinburgh Napier University, 30 October, 2015, as part of the AHRC-funded project ‘Informing the good society: new directions in information policy’.

Baxter, G., Marcella, R. and O’Shea, M. Members of the Scottish Parliament on Twitter: constituency champions or party animals? Paper presented at the fifth Information: Interactions and Impact (i3) conference, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 23-26 June 2015.

McQueen, D. and Baxter, G. Smart PR, dumb PR: corporate power, community resistance and media on the Gaelic coastline. Paper presented at the Barcelona International PR Meeting #4, 26-27 June 2014.

Baxter, G. Rough justice? Information access and environmental justice relating to two controversial coastal developments in North East Scotland. Paper presented at the Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Aberdeen, 9-11 April 2014

Halpin, D and Baxter, G. (2009) Mapping organised interests: a map of organisations engaged in Scottish public policy. Paper prepared for the British Politics Group, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Toronto, 3-6 September.

Halpin, D., Thomas, H. F., and Baxter, G. (2009) Hunting haggis? In search of the 'Hollow Core' in Scottish public policy. Paper presented at the 80th Annual Conference of the Southern Political Science Association, New Orleans, 8-10 January.

Halpin, D. and Baxter, G. (2008) Searching for 'tartan' policy bandwagons: mapping organized interests in public policy. Paper presented at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, 28-31 August.

Marcella, R., Illingworth, L. and Baxter, G. (2007) Gender policies and flexible working opportunities in the Scottish creative industries. Paper presented at the workshop 'This motley crew: managing 'creatives' and the creative unit', organised by the Institute for Capitalising on Creativity and held at the University of Dundee, 21 March.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2006) Screen Futures business support study. Paper presented at the Screen Futures launch event at Screen Academy Scotland, Edinburgh, 6 December.

Marcella, R., Illingworth, L. and Baxter, G. (2006) Gender barriers in the Scottish creative industries. Paper presented at a seminar organised by the Centre for Cultural Policy Research at the University of Glasgow, 13 February, and at two project dissemination events held at the Lighthouse, Glasgow, 21 and 22 March.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Illingworth, L. (2006) Glass ceilings and velvet ghettos? Women in the Scottish media and communication Industries. Paper presented at the 2nd Joint Annual Conference of MeCCSA and AMPE, Leeds, 13-15 January.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Webster, L. (2004) Establishing public interest. Paper presented at the conference, Freedom of information in Scotland – the road to compliance, University of Stirling, 22 April.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2003) Exploring the benefits of user surveys. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Conference of the European Information Association, Cambridge, 31 March to 1 April.

Marcella, R., Baxter, G. and Anderson, D. (2001) Continuing professional development on a virtual campus. Paper presented at the UmbrelLA 6 conference, Manchester, 5-7 July.

Marcella, R. and Baxter, G. (2000) Undergraduate course provision in Information and Library Studies at The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen. In: LibrarySchools.com: is the future bright for professional training? Conference organised by the University, College and Research Group of The Library Association: Scotland, and held at the Glasgow Caledonian University, 26 October.

Book Reviews
Baxter, G. (2003) Review of: Challenge and change in the information society. Journal of Documentation, November 2003, 59(6), pp.731-734.

Baxter, G. (2003) Review of: The wired world: an introduction to the theory and practice of the information society. Journal of Documentation, March 2003, 59(2), pp.218-220.

Baxter, G. (2001) Review of: SEAMLESS: an organisational and technical model for seamless access to distributed citizens' information. Journal of Documentation, September 2001, 57(5), pp.702-704.